ICO (Initial Coin Offering) is an unregulated way to gain profit and raise capital for a start-up cryptocurrency venture. If you are not professional in this sphere, you should understand how to avoid ICO scams and protect yourself from losing your money, before making any investments.
The top 5 signs on how to avoid ICO scams are:
- Weak White Paper or Website
- Absence of Team Members or Named Developers
- No Clear Roadmap
- Skewed Mining Structure
- Uncapped Fundraising Goal
Weak White Paper or Website
When starting a new ICO campaign, a company will distribute a white paper and provide direction to its website outlining its project.
Legitimate startups should give reasons why investors should invest in their projects and what they will gain from them. Therefore, investors should have thorough research done on the company for avoiding scams.
Analyze white paper or website critically as you look for fraud information or statements. Take a look at the credentials of current investors that might be used to motivate more investment.
If you came across a good description of the company, its project and vision take your attention. Bancor and Wanchain, whose websites focus on architecture and technology, are examples.
If on the landing page you come across a token sale supported by “make money,” close that page as it is wasting your time. Always remember the infamous coin that promised investors up to 40 per cents monthly income before it turned out to be one of the biggest scams in cryptocurrency history.
Consider official media accounts of the ICO. It is important to see not only the number of followers but also how lively their discussions are and what topics of their conversations are. An inactive group of 60,000 members looks suspicious, so do utopian discussions about the big sums of money that people make by investing this token.
Scammers may fail to make a website or to publish a white paper to market ICO. Again, if the website or white paper is weak and inconclusive, or entirely not there, it is advisable to clear such ICO.
Absence of Team Members or Named Developers
The white paper should provide details of the venture team and give credibility to the project and build trust. Confirm the legitimacy of developers and individual team members by carrying out research.
As you examine the ICO team give your attention to these two things. One – do they have their own accounts on major social media and if they do, do they add new posts on regular basis, or are their accounts abandoned. Secondly take time to find more information about people who are working on this project now and their backgrounds. It is essential because if you find out that at least one of the team members has a track record of being involved in some sort of scam you prefer not to risk.
Valid ICOs always provide a communication channel between investors and team members so that investors can learn more on offer. Scammers fear naming anyone associated with their ICO since they want to evade accountability. If the white paper or website does not list developers’ and team members’ names then most probably it is a scam.
No Clear Roadmap
ICOs should give detailed information of development and funding goals to their investors together with the vision and mission of the company. If this is not realized, it indicates that people behind the ICO are after profit before folding the venture.
Skewed Mining Structure
If ICO team members reserve a significant amount of pre-mined tokens for themselves, it should show that the project is started for short-term financial gain.
Pre-mining generates tokens for the small groups before they are sold to the public. This usually happens to reward early investors and developers. But new investors should be considered if pre-mine tokens are high.
Uncapped Fundraising Goal
Cryptocurrencies are normally created with the aim of raising capital to fund a project and launch its growth. This aim should be clearly stated in the white paper or the website of the company.
Launching an ICO that lacks funding goals is a sign that the aim of the ICO is not legitimate and may be used to scam investors.
ICOs – what are they and their risks
Like with most investments, an ICO doesn’t come without some risks. There have been a huge number of projects that have failed because the token didn’t sell well, so the company was not able to offer much, or any, growth.
There have also been a number of ICO scams since their creation. For example, in February 2018, the crypto startup of Giza raised £2.4million in a fake ICO, which engaged more than 1,000 investors.
Good And Bad ICOs
There are a number of ways you can tell a good ICO from a bad one. Those that have a good hype in crypto communities and a strong development team are usually pretty trustworthy. Whereas those that have unachievable goals, unclear descriptions, and undefined team, and an absence of trust usually should be avoided.
For the company initiating an ICO, there are a number of benefits. Not only does it provide the initial funding that the project will need for further development, scaling, and expansion, but will also just start the service with a number of users that are already able to use the tokens. This has the potential to drive up the value of the coin from the outset.
From the outset, ICOs have been very popular, with 54 major ICOs in 2016 which raised almost $103 million, to 92 major ICOs in 2017 which raised $1.25 billion. Only time will tell what the end of 2018 will bring.
We have really only seen the beginning of what ICOs and altcoins are capable of, with the coming year poised to be an exciting year for ICOs.
If ICOs are used effectively then it can be a cost-effective and quick way to generate start-up capital. This could be helpful to companies as they grow rapidly and allow investors to gain significant profits.
Marketers and investors are to weigh risks associated with ICOs against prospects to make fast returns. Associated risks exclude investors who cannot sustain losses. Finally, ICO may be really high profitable investment if marketers do their work and avoid these signs of scams.
When considering the possibility to invest money in ICO, no one can fully protect oneself. However, these signs can help you reveal how to avoid ICO scams: a lot about high return on your capital, no core team representative or one of the team members who has been involved in fraud, large but inactive social community, and unfavorable comments on various internet resources.